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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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" On the night of April 10,1943, at Dabrowa, near Wysokie Mazowieckie,
a detachment of the Home Army freed some comrades of theirs who had
been imprisoned for four days in the gendarmes' post and had been
tortured during investigation.
"At 1.45 p.m.j on May 25,1943, a detachment of the Home Army carried
out an attack on a train carrying political prisoners from the * Zamek*
prison in Lublin to Oswiecim concentration camp. Forty-nine prisoners
were released. Four of the escorting Germans were killed."
During the last four months of 1943, 652 soldiers of the Home Army
and many other prisoners arrested by Germans we:e set free*
The G-erman terror laid its hand heavily on Poland. The sifting out
of all elements dangerous to the invader was most thorough. Rounding-
up of individuals for forced labour in Germany was one of the many
methods used to weaken the force of the nation. The blockading of
houses and streets, the searching of towns and villages, was a regular
activity, and the inhabitants were taken off to prison, to concentration
camps, to labour camps in Germany, or sent to work behind the Eastern
At first the Germans tried to strike directly at the Underground, but
when this proved an impossibility, their net was flung blindly over an
ever-widening circle. It is difficult to give accurate figures, but there
were days in Warsaw when the round-up affected thousands of people*
In the city of Sobolow Podlaski (20,000 inhabitants), eight hundred people
alone were arrested on August 22,1943. Then there was the destruction
of property, and the murder of human beings. In July, 1943, a document
posted up in Bialystok proclaimed that in revenge for " bandit attacks,"
in which eleven Germans had lost their lives, the occupying authorities
had burnt down the village of Szaulicze, and shot all its inhabitants. In
addition, an unknown number of inhabitants from Bialystok itself were
shot, and also fifty people from the village of Wasilkowo. Ninety persons
from every town in the district, chiefly lawyers, doctors, local officials and
teachers, together with the families of these people, were also shot.
The Polish Underground Authorities replied to all these acts of terror
with reprisal after reprisal. The Biuhtyn Informacyjny (Information
Bulletin) published in Warsaw, stated on June 23, 1943 ;
"At the beginning of June the Germans surrounded the village of Sochy
near Zwierzyniec (Lublin province), and their aeroplanes dropped high
explosive and incendiary bombs. The fleeing inhabitants were fired on
with machine-guns. Only twenty people escaped out of the village of
three hundred and sixty inhabitants. The village of Szarajowka in BilgoraJ
district met with a similar fate. Here a punitive expedition murdered over
one hundred men, women and children. In the same county, the village
of Jozefow was burnt down and destroyed and the people perished.**
The same Information Bulletin, in its issue for August 1,1943 :
" In reply to the massacre of the village of Sochy, which we reported in an
earlier issue, Siedlisko, the model village of German colonists near Zamosc
has been burnt down by our detachments. One hundred and forty farms
were fired, and sixty Germans perished. These German colonists had
been given houses taken from their evicted Polish owners.**